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【Types of dyeing】
(Plum dyeing・Black plum dyeing)
Umezome・Kuro-umezome (Plum dyeing・Black plum dyeing) This unpatterned dyeing technique unique to the Kaga region became popular between the early Muromachi period and early Edo period and involves using liquid dye made from the plum (Japanese apricot) tree.

This is the general term for the unpatterned dyeing technique which developed in the Kaga region. This technique was used in dyeing clothes for daily use as worn by samurai and common people during the Edo period.

【Types of dyed products】
(Raised cloth crest)
Oshie-mon, a handicraft similar to patchwork, was made using the family crest. This was used especially for the ‘semamori’ in children’s kimono.

Kaga Noren
(Kaga style door-curtain)

This type of noren had a unique use in Ishikawa Prefecture during the Edo period. This was the general term for both exterior and interior (bridal) noren. Exterior noren were usually hung on the doors which separated the living room and anteroom whereas ‘hanayome-noren’ (bridal noren) were hung above the entrance to the Buddhist altar room or the married couple’s room.

(Decorated Family Crest)

Yuzen-zome was used to apply various colors to the surrounding areas of the crest. Special artists would conceive of the design according to the tastes of the customer. It was used in informal wear.

(Arabesque patterns)
Karakusa refers to the style of design taken from the patterns found in stalk, tendril, the linkages between the leaves and vines of plants. A base pattern would be repeated over and over and found popularity since the Edo period.
Some-jiku (Dyed scroll)

This dyeing technique is used in making scrolls. The centre painting and surrounding mounted areas are all painted using dyeing techniques. This was mainly used when presenting gifts during the Edo period.

Chugata (Medium sized) Indigo dyeing technique using stencil paper. Applied to fabrics such as cotton and hemp, this was mainly used in bedding material.

Haori (Kimono over garment)

Similar to a jacket worn over the kimono. Originally used informally but by adding the family crest, it became a man’s primary formal wear.

Haneri (Decorative collar)

Haneri refers to the fabric attached to the collar of the garment worn under the kimono. It was used to spice up the kimono and depending on the period, one could notice variations in the style and colour.

Fukusa (Tea ceremony cloth) This was used for example when presenting gifts, the item would sit on the fukusa placed on a tray, or when wrapping the box containing the gift.

Furoshiki (Wrapping cloth)

Usually square shaped, furoshiki were used for wrapping items. Figures such as tortoise and crane, or pine, bamboo and plum were common in okunizome dyed in indigo.
Yagu (Bedding) General term referring to bedding such as futon and blankets.
Yogi (Heavy kimono-like quilt) Futon used for sleeping. Shape similar to a kimono with cotton inside.