History since the Heian period
In Kaga, paper has been manufactured from the Heian period (the 8th Century), but it was after the Edo period (the 17th Century) that the paper industry prospered.
Since the 1st year of the Bunroku epoch (1592), in the hilly suburbs of Kanazawa, Futamata was patronized by Kaga Clan for its paper manufacturing of quality paper known as Kaga hosho, which was used as official paper for the government. In the 4th year of Tenmei epoch (1784), craftsmen studied techniques from Tsuruga, making paper from barks of ganpi bushes. Ganpi paper was used as cores for gold and silver threads for Nishijin textile. At present, ganpi paper is used for gold leaf manufacturing. Also paper was produced in Nigyo, Wajima City from barks of paper mulberry from olden days.
Domestic materials only
In Kaga Futamata paper, only domestic materials that are either collected from wild fields or acquired from throughout the country, are used. At present, paper made in Futamata is used for manufacturing gold leaf manufacturing, art crafts and for traditional paper hangings.
Paper manufactured in Kawakita-machi is called Kaga ganpi. Ganpi is also known as hishi, or beautiful paper, as it is considered the king of paper. The problem is growing the material ganpi bushes. The production has to depend on collecting the wild bushes.
Japanese paper from Wajima City is called Noto Nigyo washi. Bamboo leaves, cedar barks and sea weeds are mixed in the paper to give folklorist finishes.